IN TEXT CITATION – SPECIAL CASES
Multiple Citations in the Same Sentence
To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:
…as has been discussed elsewhere (Burke 3; Dewey 21).
Citing Authors with Same Last Names
Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors’ first initials (or even the authors’ full name if different authors share initials) in your citation. For example:
Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children (R. Miller 12), others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration (A. Miller 46).
Citing Multiple Works by the Same Author
If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others.
Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children, though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child’s second and third year (“Hand-Eye Development” 17).
Citing Indirect Sources (Someone Quoted in a Source)
Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited in another source. For such indirect quotations, use “qtd. in” to indicate the source you actually consulted. For example:
Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as “social service centers, and they don’t do that well” (qtd. in Weisman 259).
Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source.
Still having trouble?: Tryhttp://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01/
MLA Overview and Workshop: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/675/01/